There was 77,875 ha of palm oil deforestation in 2015.
Nevertheless, deforestation rates are slowing in the archipelago, with a 45% decrease between 2015 and 2019, from 566,954 hectares to 309,852 ha. This pattern is also seen in West Papua and Papua provinces where the majority of Indonesia’s intact primary forests remain, with deforestation declining 56% in this same period from 80,751 ha to 35,344 ha.
There was 77,875 hectares of deforestation for oil palm plantations (palm oil deforestation) in 2015 (nearly 15% of total deforestation). While Sumatra produced twice as much palm oil as Kalimantan in 2015, much more palm oil deforestation had taken place in that year in Kalimantan (61,000 ha) than in Sumatra (11,400 ha).
Although Papua produced only 0.53% (167,468 tonnes) of Indonesia’s palm oil in 2015, it represents a possible new frontier of oil palm plantation expansion and associated deforestation.